Nooruddin Jahangir’s real name was Nooruddin Muhammad Salim. He was known by his royal name Jahangir. Nooruddin Jahangir was the fourth Mughal emperor. The name Jahangir means “World Conqueror.” He had a firm grip on the Persian and Turkish languages. Jahangir learned the art and was excellent at painting. In addition, he had a lot of knowledge of birds, vegetables, and climate.
Prince Salim aka Jahangir was born on 31 august 1569 in Fatehpur Sikri. He was the eldest son of Akbar. Jahangir had a bitter relationship with his father, and he started to revolt against Akbar when Akbar was in his reign. However, Jahangir educates and is civiliz. Akbar’s previous children died in infancy, so Akbar reach some holy men to bless and his wife, a son, as he getti quite worried.
Jahangir married 20 times. Some were due to political reasons, and some were due to his interest. Jahangir then married a few more women in which; the daughter of Udai Singh was charming, intelligent, and courageous and became Jahangir’s favorite wife in 1586.
Accession and Reign
Shah Jahan was very young when he started to revolt against his father for the throne. He was no different from the other successors or predecessors. Soon after the death of Akbar in 1605, Jahangir forcefully ascended the throne. Jahangir’s son Khusrau Mirza started to revolt against Jahangir as he claimed to be the rightful owner of the Mughal throne as his grandfather’s wish. Khusrau Mirza began to be rebellious against his father but soon kill his brother Prince Khurram.
As most of the states in south India not conquer by Akbar, Shah Jahan conquered them, including Mewar in Rajasthan. His first campaign was against Rana Amar Singh of Mewar. After defeat of his son Khusrau Mirza, Jahangir made Rana Amar Singh surrender, and a peace treaty was signed between them.
After this, Jahangir made his way to conquer southern India and tried to destroy Ahmednagar, but all his efforts were in vain, and he could not gain complete control of it. The same happened with Golconda and Bijapur. The ruler of Bijapur made a peace treaty among the ruler of Ahmednagar and Jahangir.
Jahangir adminstrative system
In 1613, the ship of the Mughal Empire, Rahimi, seize Portuguese. This ship owns Maryum-us-Zaman, the wife of Shah Jahan. The boat had 100,000 rupees and pilgrims who head to perform hajj. Jahangir outrage and ordered to seize the Portuguese town Daman and confiscate all the churches.
Jahangir sent their son Prince Khurram in 1622 to fight the combined power of Ahmednagar, Golconda, and Bijapur, which Khurram emerged victoriously and solved all the conflicts. She is justice and a sense of fairness. Moreover, he had a great concern for the wellness of his people.
Jahangir continued the administrative system made by his father Akbar and maintained the honor of his crown. In his reign, he made trade and commerce possible and progressed his empire.
The marriage with Nur Jahan had a significant influence on Jahangir. Nur Jahan is the wife of Sher Afghan khan, and it is say that Jahangir in love with her even when she is married. After the death of Sher Afghan Khan, Jahangir proposed Nur Jahan in 1611. Nur Jahan’s real name was Mehr-un-Nisa. She soon became Jahangir’s favorite wife. Jahangir administered the Mughal Empire and was influential in the court. She had a direct influence on state and military affairs.
Apart from all the qualities Jahangir possessed, he had some shortcomings too. He was fond of women, wine and ate opium. Moreover, the drunkard, and it intoxicate him, and soon, all the powers handle Nur Jahan. Jahangir is most famous for his “Chain of Justice” at the castle of Agra. The chains were attached to bells used to summon the emperor, and it was announced that any person could ring the bell, and the king would entertain their wish.
In 1627, Jahangir wanted to restore his health. So, he visited Kabul and Kashmir. There he caught a severe cold when he was traveling to Kashmir from Kabul. So, he turned his way to Lahore. His health shatter due to too much drinking. His health deteriorated and,
on his way back to Lahore, Jahangir couldn’t survive and passed away on 28 October 1627. He was known as the man of conquests. His body is buried in Shahdara Bagh, and his tomb is a significant tourist attraction in Lahore.
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