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A.K. FAZLUL HAQ early life :

A.K.Fazlul Haq was born on 26 October 1873 into a middle-class Bengali Muslim family in Bakerganj District, British India. His father’s name was QaziWazid Ali, a well-known lawyer. Huq was first chosen for the Bengal Administrative Chamber from Dhaka in 1913 and served on the gathering for a very long time until 1934. FazlulHaq was a vital figure in the Indian autonomy development and later the Pakistan development. In 1919, A.K.Fazlul Haq had the interesting qualification of simultaneously filling in as Leader of the All India Muslim Class and General Secretary of the Indian Public Congress. He was likewise an individual from the Congress Party’s inquiry board into the Amritsar slaughter.

A.K.Fazlul Haq As an individual of

Focal Authoritative Gathering

A.K.Fazlul Haq was an individual from the Focal Authoritative Gathering for a very long time, somewhere in the range of 1934 and 1936. For a very long time somewhere in the range of 1937 and 1947, he was a chosen individual from the Bengal Authoritative Gathering, where A.K.Fazlul Haq was Executive and Head of the House for a very long time. After the segment, he chose for the East Bengal Administrative Get together, where he was Boss Pastor for a very long time; and to the Constituent Gathering of Pakistan, where he was Home Minister for 1 year, during the 1950s.

A.K.Fazlul Haq boycotted titles and knighthood allowed by the British government. He was remarkable for his English rhetoric during talks to the Bengali governing body. and he pursued the votes of the Bengali working classes and rustic networks. He pushed for land change and controlling the impact of landlords. As Leader, A.K.Fazlul Haq utilized legitimate and authoritative measures to pay off the obligation of millions of ranchers exposed to tenure under the Perpetual Settlement. He viewed as a liberal and social leftist on the political range.

Fazlul Haq Introduced Lahore Goal:

His services were set apart by extreme factional infighting. In 1940, FazlulHuq had one of his most prominent political accomplishments when he introduced the Lahore Goal which required the formation of a sovereign state in the Muslim-larger part eastern and northwestern pieces of British India. During the Subsequent Universal Conflict, A.K.Fazlul Haq joined the Emissary of India’s guard gathering and upheld united conflict endeavors.

Under tension from the Legislative head of Bengal during the Quit India Movement. After the withdrawal of the Hindu Mahasabha from his bureau, he left the post of premier in March 1943. In the Domain of Pakistan, A.K Fazlul Haq worked for a very long time as East Bengal’s principal legal officer . He also took part in the Bengali Language Development. He chose as chief minister, filled in as a federal minister, and was a provincial representative during the 1950s.

OP-ED: Sher-e-Bangla and the politics of rootedness | Dhaka Tribune


The diarchy was supplanted by the provincial autonomy in 1935, with the first general elections held in 1937. FazlulHuq changed the All Bengal Tenants Association into the KrishakPraja Party. During the political campaign period, he arose as a significant egalitarian figure of Bengal. His party won 35 seats in the Bengal Legislative Assembly during the 1937 Indian provincial elections. It was the third-biggest party after the Bengal Congress and Bengal Provincial Muslim League. FazlulHuq formed an alliance with the Bengal Provincial Muslim League. He chose as the Leader of the House and the first Prime Minister of Bengal.

Fazlul Haq Services for Muslims:

In 1916, he played an extremely crucial part in making a Lucknow settlement between the Congress and the Muslim Class. He turned out to be then joint secretary of the Indian Public Congress in 1917. He additionally drives the All India Khilafat gathering in 1920. In 1919, when Montague Chelmsford Reforms carried out as a demonstration then Hindus got a greater part in all over Indian workplaces, powers partitioned and common governments separated into two sections. In this way, A.K. Fazlul Huq became the principal leader of Bengal. It was for the absolute first time after the skirmish of Plessey that Muslims got that much huge position. Then again, actually, he additionally gives occupations to Muslim understudies and surprisingly held seats for them in various schools and universities.

A.K.Fazlul Haq Coordination With Jinnah:

Subsequent to leaving the congress, A.K.Fazlul Haq connected with Jinnah and coordinated the Muslim Group in 1920, drove by Jinnah in various political undertakings. He additionally took part in round table gatherings as an agent of Bengali Muslims. In the principal meeting, different pioneers like Quaid-I-Azam, Sir Agha Khan, Maulana Muhammad Ali Johar, Begum Shahnawaz, and so forth were additionally with him. He turned into an individual In 1935, from the Indian administrative assembly, and around the same time he chose as a mayor in Kolkata Company, he was the primary Muslim chairman in Kolkata. In 1937, he was chosen as a Chief Minister of unified Bengal.

All India Muslim League yearly Meeting in Lahore:

In March 1940, the All India Muslim League, 27th yearly meeting organized in Lahore, this gathering proceeded for three days 22, 23, and 24 March, and Pretty much every Muslim chief results in these present circumstances gathering from everywhere sub-landmass. Like different pioneers, FazlulHuq likewise partakes and takes a functioning part in this gathering. In this meeting, he presented a goal and represented the security of the privileges of the Muslims in India, and subsequent to passing this goal he turned out to be exceptionally well known in the sub-continent.

Fazlul Haq As governer of East Pakistan

After the formation of Pakistan, the public authority of Pakistan chose him as an advocate in East Pakistan, and in 1956, he elected as governor of East Pakistan. He separated or left politics in 1961. A quarrel between Quaid-I-Azam and FazlulHuq was the fundamental purpose for the partition of FazlulHuq’s detachment from politics.


A.K Fazlul Haq admitted to the Hospital of Dhaka due to severe illness. A.K Fazlul Haq was a true Muslim and proud to be Bengali. He died on the 27 of April 1962 at the age of 89 years. Almost all of the political members were at his funeral and he got the tribute of “Sher-e-Bengal”. He was buried in Dhaka.

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