Chandra Gupta Maurya, also known as Sandrakottos or Sandrokottos to the Greeks, founded the Mauryan dynasty and was ancient India’s first ruler. He was born after 350 BCE. There is some uncertainty about this date because none of the ancient writings mention Chandragupta’s birth. Plutarch, a Greek philosopher, claims to have seen Alexander during the conquest of India in 326-325 BCE; assuming he is speaking the truth, Chandragupta’s birth year calculated.
Compassion for famine-stricken compatriots
Chandra Gupta Maurya may have attacked the rulers of Greek-India following Alexander’s death in 323 BCE, according to certain ancient Greek and Roman sources. He founded one of the most powerful empires on the Indian subcontinent, which ruled for more than 140 years. Chandra Gupta Maurya continued to conquer country after land, starting from the Indian subcontinent to Afghanistan, and finally conquered the majority of South Asia. Chandra Gupta Maurya is recognized for liberating the country from foreign rule and rescuing it from maladministration. Later in life, he starved to death out of compassion for his famine-stricken countrymen.
Chandra Gupta Maurya Early Life:
Due to the topic’s ancient origins, it’s difficult to quote definitive and precise facts due to the divergent views expressed in many scriptures and books. As a result, the early life of Chandragupta Maurya is obscure and differs across Greek and Roman texts. According to Sinhalese Buddhist legend, Chandragupta’s mother pregnant the time his father, the Moriya clan leader, kill in a fight. His mother sought refuge in Patliputra with the assistance of her brothers. Chandragupta adopts by a cowherd to keep him safe; he aided in this endeavor by his maternal aunts. When he was an adult, he sold to a hunter and later worked to tend livestock.
According to another narrative that is partially authentic and pertinent to the above-mentioned event, Chandragupta was born into a poor household following his father’s death. Chandragupta reared as if he were the cowherd’s son. He acquired by Kautilya, a Brahman politician (Chanakya). He relocated to Taxila. Taxila educated him in military tactics and aesthetics skills. According to traditional legends, while Chandragupta slept, a lion began licking his body, gradually arousing him and instilling in his hopes of regal grandeur. As his current owner, Kautilya was a politician, he used to advise him, and one day he advised to gather mercenary soldiers and gain public support, which eventually resulted in the Nanda dynasty’s autocracy being overthrown in a brutal conflict against the army led by their commander in chief, Bhaddasala.
Chandragupta recognized that to succeed in his quest for dominance, conflict with established empires would be inevitable. As a result, he concentrated on acquiring military training and experience. According to legend, he met Alexander and perhaps got permission to serve in his army to study the Macedonian method of combat and how it might apply to old Indian battle techniques, in addition to his military training. Both Justin and the Graeco-Roman historian Plutarch (c. 46-120 CE) refer to Alexander’s encounter. This conference, however, a failure, and Chandra Gupta Maurya compelle to escape for his life.
Chandra ghupt create an empire
Chandra Gupta Maurya heavily influenced by the Brahman politician Kautilya, who purchased him from a hunter and served as his instructor. He prepared to become a leader as a result of his superior talents and military school education. Kautilya mentored Chandragupta and advised him on how to create an empire.
According to another source, Hemachandra’s Digambara mythology, Chanakya was a Jain layman who was born with prophecies and great expectations from the priests that he would one day assist someone and elevate him to the kingdom, and would be the force behind the throne. Chanakya believed in this prophesy and earned money via her magical abilities. Chandragupta later returned to assert his claim on the young Chandragupta.
control over punjab
He was this boy’s mentor and trainer. He and Chandragupta afterward recruited hired warriors and invaded the Nanda Kingdom. This accomplished by the use of exquisitely crafted schemes, which featured an excellent secret service. They succeeded in their mission and established Patliputra as their capital. Alexander died in 323 and left vacancies in Punjab when his delegates returned home. As a consequence, Chandra Gupta Maurya gained control over the Punjab area. He also established the Mauryan dynasty as ruler of Punjab and emperor of Magadha.
Pataliputra, near the confluence of the son and Ganges rivers, was the capital of the Mauryan empire. It lasted around 321–185 years before Christ and was the first empire to include the majority of the Indian subcontinent. Chandra Gupta Maurya Indian empire was one of the largest in history, extending from the Himalayas to the Kabul River valley in the north and west to the Vindhya Range in the south. Its survival for at least two generations is due in part to his construction of an effective administration inspired by the Persian Achaemenid empire (559–330 BCE) and Kautilya’s political treatise, Artha-shastra (“The Science of Material Gain”). Bindusara, Chandragupta’s son, proceeded to expand the kingdom to the south.
(“The Science of Getting Content”) Movement
The Mauryan empire is claimed to have a highly efficient and structured dictatorship with a permanent army and civil service. That bureaucracy and its operation served as the inspiration for the Artha-shastra (“The Science of Material Gain”), a treatise of political economy in the vein of Niccol Machiavelli’s The Prince in tone and scope. Chandragupta stretched his kingdom to the borders of Persia but was destroyed in 305 by an invasion led by Seleucus I Nicator, a Greek rival for control of Alexander’s Asian empire. Seleucus Nicator agreed to give Chandragupta Arachosia (Kandahar), Gedrosia (Makran), and Paropanisadai (Paropamisadae, Kabul) in return for 500 war elephants in this contract.
The emperor’s primary accomplishment would be to destroy the Nanda Kingdom, become the ruler of Punjab, and create his dynasty. The life and accomplishments of Chandragupta are recorded in ancient Greek, Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain literature, although the accounts differ substantially. Chandragupta is referred to as Sandrocottus or Androcottus in Ancient Greek and Latin sources. He established a huge centralized empire, the details of which are well preserved in Kautilya’s Arthashastra.
Renunciation and Death
Chandragupta’s death date and causes are unknown and contested. Nonetheless, Chandragupta traditionally persuaded to embrace Jainism by the monk Bhadrabahu I, who foresaw the coming of a 12-year famine. He stated that the reason for this famine would be all of Chandragupta’s massacres and bloodshed during his conquests. He led a party of Jain monks to southern India, wherein Chandragupta Maurya followed him as a monk upon his abdication of the throne to his son Bindusara. Chandragupta and Bhadrabahu, according to a Digambara tradition, relocated to Shravanabelagola in modern-day south Karnataka. When the famine struck, Chandragupta attempted to alleviate the situation, but bewildered by the tragic circumstances, he left to spend his twilight years in the service of Bhadrabahu at Shravanabelagola, a famous holy site in southwestern India, where Chandragupta meditated to death according to the Jain practice of sallekhana.