Health

Dengue is a dangerous disease in Pakistan

As soon as the weather changes, the whole of Pakistan gets caught up in it.

As soon as the weather changes, the dengue disease also starts to increase, and the entire Pakistan, including Punjab, is engulfed by it. Whenever this disease starts to take the form of an epidemic, the relevant administrative bodies and health departments are all on their fronts. However, individual efforts are the most important in the fight against dengue.

The bite of a specific mosquito causes dengue, “Aedes.” This mosquito has a black body with white spots on it. It breeds in clean water instead of dirty. This mosquito carries the dengue virus that infects dengue. It gets it from human blood and transmits it to a healthy person. After biting a sick person, this mosquito continues to transmit the dengue virus to healthy people all its life.

There are four types of dengue viruses, and it is important to remember that one type of virus attacks only once in a lifetime. People with weakened immune systems are at greater risk of dengue fever. Also called “breakbone fever” because it causes severe pain in the bones and muscles. The severe form of dengue fever is called “dengue hemorrhagic fever.”

This type of patient starts bleeding from the mouth, nose, etc., and there is a risk of death of the patient.

It may take seven to ten days for a mosquito infected with the dengue virus to bite a healthy person, and the symptoms of dengue fever appear. Early symptoms can be severe flu-like.

In the beginning, there is a fever, headache, and chills. There is severe pain in the area behind the eyes. Other symptoms include weakness, sweating, low blood pressure, loss of appetite, the appearance of spots on the body, and difficulty in breathing. Abdominal pain and vomiting are included. The back and all the joints of the body, especially the legs, have severe pain. The face and eyes become red, and this redness spreads to the rest of the body.

The neck becomes stiff, and sleep is difficult. Lumps may also appear in the neck; the fever may reach 104. The light does not look good, and the eyes hurt when turning.

In three to four days, the fever subsides and, the patient’s condition improves, and all the symptoms disappear; the patient starts feeling normal, but this improvement lasts for about a day, and then the fever flares up again. goes

Along with the fever, small red rashes appear all over the body, which are similar to measles, but this time, the face is spared. The palms and soles become red and swollen. So, the blood is released under the patient’s skin from the intestines, nose, gums, etc. This condition is very dangerous and can be fatal, but it happens very rarely, so there is no need to panic.

This type of dengue fever is called “dengue hemorrhagic fever.” The patient goes into shock. Along with fainting, the patient’s body starts getting cold.

In this condition, the patient needs intensive care because the patient may go into shock repeatedly. He may need oxygen and blood. There is no specific treatment for this disease, some antibiotic and antiviral medicines. It is not effective in this patient; it may do the opposite.

Paracetamol alone can reduce the patient’s fever. Do not give the patient aspirin, ibuprofen, or similar medications, and do not give medications that contain even small amounts of aspirin or ibuprofen. Remember to follow the doctor’s advice. The use of any medicine of any kind can be dangerous. The patient should be made to consume water and drinks as much as possible.

If the patient cannot eat and drink, then he should be given a drip. If the platelets are reduced, then it is necessary to apply a platelet drip. People suffering from dengue fever should be given a diet containing vitamin K, vitamin B, and vitamin C so that their immune system improves.

Safety measures:

The most important thing in this regard is to eliminate mosquitoes (Aedes) two to three times a week by cleaning houses, offices, and shops, spraying mosquito killers, and closing all doors, windows, and skylights for an hour and leaving them there. go

The most important thing about this mosquito, i.e., Aedes, is that this mosquito thrives in clean water, so dry the water from all such places; besides, if there is any water leakage, get it fixed. A year ago, when a dengue patient appeared in America, it was found that dengue fever spread due to standing water in old imported tires at the American port. Evidence of this has also been found in Pakistan. At present, it prevents dengue fever. No vaccine is available in the market, so caution is the most important thing to prevent dengue fever.

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