Early Life of Maulana Shaukat Ali:
Maulana Shaukat Ali was born in 1873 in Rampur State which is now known as Uttar Pradesh in India. He was the brother of Maulana Mohammad Ali. He had a deep interest in Islam. Maulana Shaukat Ali received his education at Aligarh Muslim University. As he was fond of playing cricket thus became the captain of the cricket team at Aligarh. Shaukat Ali served in the Provincial Civil service of the United Province of Oudh and Agra from 1896-1913. Ali brothers were the prominent leaders of the Khilafat Movement.
As Maulana Shaukat Ali was deeply interested in Islam and totally committed to the cause of the freedom movement and advancement of Islam and Muslims in India.As the Ali brothers performed a leading role, coupled with communal bickering, which served to develop an interest in Muslims wondering and led to Pakistan.
Khilafat Movement in India
Maulana Shaukat Ali actively assisted Maulana Muhammad Ali in the book of “Hamdard” and “Comrade” which performed an essential position molding the political policy of Muslim India. In 1915 he became imprisoned alongside Maulana Mohammad Ali. After the Balkan Wars (1912-1913) and World War I (1914-1918), the notion was that the European powers had performed the main position within the dismemberment of the Ottoman Empire. So, below the management of the Ali Brothers, Maulana Muhammad Ali and Maulana Shaukat Ali, the Muslims of South Asia released the historic Khilafat Movement to try to save it. Therefore; When the phrases of the Treaty of Serves introduced in 1920, it brought on deep resentment to a few of the Muslims. In 1919, whilst he turned into a jail, he became elected President of the First Khilafat Conference.
Maulana Shaukat Ali and his brother Mohammad Ali joined with other Muslim leaders such as Pir Ghulam Mujaddid Sarhandi, Sheikh Shaukat Ali Siddiqui, Dr. Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari, Raees-Ul-Muhajireen Barrister Jan Muhammad Junejo, HasratMohani, Syed Ata Ullah Shah Bukhari, Maulana AbulKalam Azad, and Dr. Hakim Ajmal Khan to form the All India Khilafat Committee.
He re-arrested and imprisoned from 1921 to 1923 for his aid to Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress at some point of the Non-Cooperation Movement (1919–1922). His fanatics accorded him and his brother the title of Maulana. In March 1922, he prisoned in Rajkot prison and was later released in 1923. So, The Ali brothers are regarded as the founding fathers of Pakistan.
Other political involvements
While nevertheless a supporter of Congress and its non-violent ethos, Ali even passed some of his colleagues, in addition, he offered assistance to the progressive independence movement. In his support, furnished guns to SachindranathSanyal.
Along together with his brother, Shaukat Ali grew disappointed with the Congress and Gandhi’s management. As Maulana Md. Ali Jauhar was in jail, so Maulana Shaukat in conjunction with Begum Md. Ali led Khilafat Committee at the All Parties Conference on Nehru Report with 30 representatives of the Central Khilafat Committee. He was in opposition to the 1928 Nehru Report. As a result, he demanded separate electorates for Muslims, and finally, the Khilafat Committee rejected the Nehru Report. So Shaukat Ali attended the first and 2ndRound Table Conferences (India) in London in 1930-31. His brother Jouhar died in 1931, and Shaukat Ali endured on and prepared the World Muslim Conference in Jerusalem.
Maulana Shaukat Ali Member of All India Muslim League:
In 1936, Ali have become a member of the All India Muslim League and became a close political ally of and campaigner for Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the destiny founder of Pakistan.So he served as a member of the ‘Central Assembly’ in British India from 1934 to 1938.As he not only helped Quaid e Azam but also traveled all around the Middle East, including Egypt, Palestine, Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Saudia Arabia, and the even United States constructing help for India’s Muslims. As the warfare for independence from the British rule in India and delivered several speeches of Freedom.
Maulana Shaukat Ali and his brother were like a ray of hope in moments of darkness. Mahatma Gandhi spoke highly of them. Maulana Shaukat Ali penned down in December 1901, about the poverty, religious persecutions, and killings in the name of religion. He was deeply concerned by those issues.As he was a staunch follower of Islam and had a great Fear of God, so whenever he recited any verse his hands used to tremble with fear.
Maulana Shaukat Ali died on 26 November 1938. Pakistan Postal Services issued a commemorative postage stamp in his honor in 1995 in its ‘Pioneers of Freedom’series.