Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk is also known as Syed Mehdi Ali was born on December 9, 1837, in Etawah, Uttar Pradesh, India. He got his early education in Etawah and as it was common those days, he had a thorough education in Persian and Arabic. He started his career as a petty clerk but quickly rose to the rank of a civil servant by determination and hard work. In 1867, Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk executed a prominent position in Provincial Civil Service Examination and appointed as a Deputy Collector at Mirzapur. He showed Devotion. He quickly gained popularity as a bureaucrat and the Collector of Mirzapur was very much satisfied with his performance.
Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk was rewarded with the famous title of “Mohsin-ul-Doulah” and “Muneer Nawaz Jung” for his services as a responsible Indian Civil Servant. In 1874, he served in Hyderabad. He gave the services of Nizam and served for 20 years and departed from Hyderabad in 1893.
Sir Syed and Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk
Mohsin-ul-Mulk met Sir Syed Ahmad Khan when he posted as Tahsildar in Etawah. The meeting proved to be the starting point of a long-lasting friendship and as a staunch supporter of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Initially, Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk had some different views from Sir Syed Ahmed Khan relating to Muslim’s political, social, and educational conditions. However, soon enough he realized that Aligarh is the only platform that can prove as a turning point for Muslim’s Social-economic condition.
Aligarh Movement By Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk :
It was Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk who uplifted the philosophy of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan to enhance. The educationally pathetic and socially deprived scenario of Muslims of India. With time, Mohsin-ul-Mulk matured his technique and determined to advantage Muslims from the platform of Aligarh. Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk became an authentic and sincere leader who kept alive his promises and advised Aligarh Movement; when it was confronting administrative deficiencies and economic crisis.
As a member of Scientific Society:
Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk became a member of the Scientific Society in 1864. When Sir Syed Ahmed Khan formed. The Committee of the Supporters of the Advancement of Muslim Education, Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk was his most important companion. He started collecting donations for the cause of the newly-founded committee. In 1893, after coming from Hyderabad. He devoted his time to spreading the message of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and to assist him in Aligarh Movement.
As a Secretary of MAO College:
Upon the death of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, he appointed as the Secretary of the Muslim Educational Conference in 1899. He also became Secretary of MAO College and took Sir Syed Ahmed Khan’s burden on his shoulders. He appointed a committee under the Chairmanship of Maulana Habib Ur Rahman Khan Sherwani to improve the religious studies courses at MAO College.
Nawab Mohsin ul Mulk continued the assignment of Syed even as paying unique interest to bringing religious and oriental scholars collectively on one platform, i.e. The MAO College so that the students ought to enjoy the scholars to have a right understanding of religion alongside contemporary scientific education. He remained Secretary until He died in 1907. Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk raised the number of students, as a Secretary of the College, from 343 students in 1898, (at the time of Sir Syed’s death), to almost 800 at his death in 1907.
Compilation of Khutbat-i-Ahmadia:
It can be defined that both Scientific Society.And he Compilation of Khutbat-i-Ahmadia or Naissance of literary offerings of Tehzib-ul-Akhlaq, Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk emerged a man with strategic vision. and brought the sinking boat of Aligarh Movement in the direction of the effective and influential segment to cast off Muslims lethargic mindset.
Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk carried on a correspondence with the private secretary of the Viceroy to give his point of view on the need for separate illustration for the Muslims in all legislatures and nearby bodies. He presided over the ninth consultation of Muhammadan Educational Conference. which held in Aligarh in 1894, in which he proposed a resolution to help and aid Darul Uloom Nadwatul Ulama, the newly formed nonsecular faculty in Lucknow. His mind-blowing presidential remarks softened the hearts of current educationists to assist the motive of Nadwatul Ulama.
Death of Nawab Mohsin ul Mulk:
In 1906, he became Secretary of the All India Muslim League at its founding consultation in Dhaka. Along with Nawab Waqar-ul-Mulk Kamboh, he asked to draft the constitution of the All India Muslim League. He simply contributed with preliminary spadework for the formation of the Muslim League.He and could not contribute more due to his death. Unfortunately, Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk passed away in 1907 before holding the primary session of the All India Muslim League in Karachi.
Nawab Mohsin ul Mulk turned into a multidimensional, flexible genius and multi-layered personality who possessed visionary zeal .And dedicated characteristics to uplift and to ameliorate the socio-monetary and educational conditions of Muslims in India. He was a true successor and companion of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan who took the responsibility and helped the cause of Muslims. Thus, it was Mohsin-ul-Mulk who did no longer permit to dim the candle which was enkindled via Sir Syed Khan within the shape of the Aligarh Movement.